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Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
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Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
Ethernet Cable Category 5/5E/6/6E
OVERVIEW
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Overview

Category 5 – CAT5

Category 5 transmits at 100MHz frequencies, providing a rated line speed of up to 100Mbit/s and a max cable segment length of 100 meters. Most Category 5 cables, designed for early networks, only used two twisted pairs. Older Category 5 cables continue to make up the bulk of the world’s network infrastructure.

Category 5E – CAT5E

An improved specification to Category 5 was later introduced. By reducing noise and signal interference, CAT5E was capable of increasing rated transfer speeds to 350 Mbit/s over 100 meters. The new standard also required all cables to include four twisted pairs (all eight contacts). An optimized encoding scheme allows up to 50-meter lengths of CAT5E cable to perform at, or near, Gigabit Ethernet (1000BASE-T) speeds.

Category 6 – CAT6

The mainstream adoption of Gigabit Ethernet (1000BASE-T) required new industry-standard cables capable of transmitting at a higher frequency of 250 MHz. Category 6 cable uses thicker-gauge wire, increased shielding, and more pair twists per inch to reduce signal noise and interference. The tighter specifications guarantee that 100-meter runs of Category 6 are capable of 1000 Mbit/s transfer speeds. 10-Gigabit Ethernet speeds are achievable when reducing cable lengths to less than 50 meters.

Category 6E – CAT6E

Category 6 Enhanced (6E) is an augmented specification designed to double transmission frequency to 500 MHz. By wrapping CAT6E in grounded foil shielding, full 10-Gigabit Ethernet speeds can be reached without sacrificing the max cable length of 100 meters.
Application:
Category 5/5E/6/6E cable, commonly referred to as Cat 5/5E/6/6E, is a twisted pair cable for computer networks.
Approvals
ISO/IEC 11801, IEC 61156-5, EN 50173, EN 50288-3-1, TIA/EIA-568-B
Technical data
a.Temperature range:     
during installation: 0 °C up to+50 °C
fixed installed: -20 °C up to+60°C
b.Nominal voltage: 300V
d.Minimal inner bending radius: 4D
Specifications
Low Voltage
Low Voltage
UV Resistance
UV Resistance
LSZH
LSZH
construction
1. Conductor:
Copper conductor, single wire 24AWG
2. Insulation:
(PE), polyethylene
3. Taping:
plastic tape
4. Screen:
copolymer coated Al-tape, bonded to the PE-sheath
5. Sheath:
PE black, UV-resistant) (LSHF, LSOH, FRNC
parameter
ETHERNET CABLE PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
Specifications Comparison
ETHERNET CABLE PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
 
CATEGORY SHIELDING MAX TRANSMISSION SPEED (AT 100 METERS) MAX BANDWIDTH
Cat 3 Unshielded 10 Mbps 16 MHz
Cat 5 Unshielded 10/100 Mbps 100 MHz
Cat 5e Unshielded 1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps 100 MHz
Cat 6 Shielded or Unshielded 1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps >250 MHz
Cat 6a Shielded 10000 Mbps / 10 Gbps 500 MHz
Cat 7 Shielded 10000 Mbps / 10 Gbps 600 MHz
CAT5, CAT5e, and CAT6 UTP (Solid Cable) Specifications Comparison
  Category 5 Category 5e Category 6
Frequency 100 MHz 100 MHz 250 MHz
Return Loss (Min. at 100MHz) 16.0 dB 20.1 dB 20.1 dB
Characteristic Impedance 100 ohms ± 15% 100 ohms ± 15% 100 ohms ± 15%
Attenuation (Min. at 100 MHz) 22 dB 22 dB 19.8 dB
Next (Min. at 100MHz) 32.3 dB 35.3 dB 44.3 dB
PS-Next (Min. at 100MHz) no specification 32.3 dB 42.3 dB
ELFEXT (Min. at 100 MHz) no specification 23.8 dB 27.8 dB
PS-ELFEXT (Min. at 100 MHz) no specification 20.8 dB 24.8 dB
Delay Skew (Max. per 100 m) no specification 45 ns 45 ns
Other Cables With Similar Properties
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